November “Sin” of Alice Smith-Tinker in 1663

10th great-grandmother Alice Smith-Tinker-Measure.
.20 November was both Alice’s birthday and her date-of-death.

At 34 years old in 1663, Alice’s new pregnancy caused scandal because Alice’s husband Captain John Tinker had died from some type of illness in Oct 1662.  (Doctor expenses are discussed in 1995 well-sourced book “Descendants of James Stanclift …”.) In fact, rather than wearing a large letter (representing her “sin”), Alice chose to pay 5 pounds, which was a lot of money in that era.
But because Alice did not re-marry until later, daughter Sarah received both the Tinker name and portion of land grant in Lyme CT by virtue of being a “daughter of John Tinker”.

Biological father to the child was named Lieutenant Samuel Smith.
He was married to someone else at the time,
spent much time drinking,
had a loose tongue,
and is documented as offering a financial reward to anyone who would kidnap the infant (Sarah)
— weaned or not —
and bring her to him.

Given this type of character, i wonder if there was some violence involved,
especially since Alice did not name Samuel Smith as the father of the infant.
In fact, she named a 21-year-old son of the minister (who also paid the 5-pound fine).

Within a few months, Alice married an attorney, who was step-father to Sarah as well as the other younger “Tinker” children.

I suspect this scandal and worry caused much trauma in the household. But despite rather dubious beginnings, it sounds like Sarah and the other “Tinker” children had a secure up-bringing. .

Alice’s birthday and date-of-death were both 20th of November.
The above story is re-told from facts found in 1995 well-sourced book “Descendants of James Stanclift …”. . Relationship:

Alice Smith (qh) fss-SSS.qhaa!13 1629-1714 10th great-grandmother
Mary Tinker fss-SSS.qdaa!12 1653-1712 Daughter of Alice Smith (qh) fss-SSS.qhaa!13
Martha Stancliffe fss-SSS.qbaa!11 1688-1725 Daughter of Mary Tinker fss-SSS.qdaa!12
Mary Bevins fss-SSS.qaaa!10 1719-1805 Daughter of Martha Stancliffe fss-SSS.qbaa!11
Israel-Lieut Spencer fss-SSS.aaaa!09 1743-1822 Son of Mary Bevins fss-SSS.qaaa!10
Jesse SSS Spencer fss-SSS.aaaa!08 1772-1856 Son of Israel-Lieut Spencer fss-SSS.aaaa!09
Jonathan William Spencer fss-SS.aaaa!07 1800-1885 Son of Jesse SSS Spencer fss-SSS.aaaa!08
Webster Marshall Spencer fss-S.aaaa!06 1834-1910 Son of Jonathan William Spencer fss-SS.aaaa!07
Charles Homer Spencer fss.aaaa!05 1864-1941 Son of Webster Marshall Spencer fss-S.aaaa!06
Leota Pearl Spencer fs.aaaa!04 1892-1979 Daughter of Charles Homer Spencer fss.aaaa!05

. … .

EXCERPT BELOW: Authors Originally had this info available at Link , but last update was 2007, and Link has rarely been available when I tried recently.  There is now  a note at the top of the page saying “not secure”.  So saving it here for when that page is not consistently available. 06 Nov2020.  Entire book is now available to borrow for one hour at  .  \/ …  \/ … \/


From book “Descendants of James Stanclift of Middletown, Connecticut and Allied Families”, By Robert C. and Sherry [Smith] Stancliff

Go to:    Home Page JOHN TINKER John Tinker born about 1614(1) appears in the records of Boston, MA as early as 1635. He is said to have been born in England. We know that his mother was living in the Colonies in 1639, for while on a business trip to England, John Tinker wrote a report or letter to John Winthrop, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and enclosed a “letter to my mother” and asked the Governor to see that she received it. It did not mention her name. A Sarah Tinker aged 15 came to Boston in the ship “Blessing” in July 1635, her name listed with the William Vassel family, she may have been a relative of John Tinker. John Tinker was consistently referred to in the Records as “Master Tinker” or “Mr. Tinker”, a term reserved for those who are either exceptionally well educated or hold a high social position. John Tinker’s social position in England is unknown, but he was a highly educated man. He acted as an Attorney for many of the most prominent men of Boston. He was a scrivener and wrote many legal documents extant today. He acted as a confidential business agent for John Winthrop, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, for many years, and was possibly even part of the Winthrop household. His name was included on an undated tailor’s bill sent to Governor Winthrop as receiving several articles of clothing. Other names on this bill were Winthrop family members and others in the household, it was endorsed by Gov. Winthrop “ffamilye Bill”. He was a trader or merchant, conducting business with the Indians locally and engaging in the shipping trade with England and the West Indies. He owned a part interest in the ship “Susan and Ellen” and traveled at times as “supercargo”(2) on that ship and others. He entered partnerships with several of the sons of Gov. Winthrop at various times, but his particular friend was John Winthrop Jr who was instrumental in convincing John Tinker to move to the new community of Pequot or New London, in the Connecticut Colony. By 1640 Capt. John Tinker was among those listed as land owners in the town of Wethersfield(3). It is not known if he ever lived there, but he did leave Boston for Connecticut in 1640(4). In 1643 He formed a partnership with John Griffen and Michael Humphrey of Windsor to manufacture pitch and tar(5) and to collect turpentine(6). These products were needed by the British Navy and were nearly the only product that England allowed to be exported from the Colonies.(7) Tinker owned large tracts of land in that part of Windsor called Massaco, which later became Simsbury, CT. He returned to Boston by 1648 and divested himself of the Windsor land holdings in 1654(8). The Aspinwall Notarial records of Boston verified the divorce of a Sarah Barnes from her husband William Barnes by Order of the Court dated 6 (4) 1648(9). Sarah had been deserted by Her husband, William Barnes “of Glouster”, and according to the law at that time she was able to obtain a divorce after a period of three years. The divorce was not recorded until 29 (8),1649, and the record immediately following this certifies the marriage of Sarah Barnes to John Tinker. The very next record concerned the property of John Tinker’s wife Sarah, and referred to Gregory Willshere of Breadstreet, in London,(10) Ironmonger, as Tinker’s “trusty and welbeloved brother”. “A letter dated April 1, 1653, from Robert Hawthorne of Bray, to his brother William Hawthorne of New England was addressed to the care of Mr Tinker at Wm. Willsheers house, Ironmonger….in Bredstreet, London.”(11) It would seem then, that John Tinker’s first wife was SARAH [WILLSHERE] BARNES, sister of Gregory Willshere or Wiltshire. At the time the records were recorded Sarah [Willshere] Barnes Tinker had already died. Only three weeks had passed from the date of the divorce until Sarah’s Inventory in Suffolk County Records was taken 22 (5) 1648. The inventory and Will from records of Suffolk County, MA are erroneously listed under the name of Henry Kemball(12). Sarah [Wiltshire] Barnes Tinker had two daughters at the time of her death, Mary and Alice(13). The eldest daughter was entrusted to the care of Richard Cooke, tailor of Boston, and the younger daughter to the care of John Tinker. It is possible that the wife of Richard Cooke might be the sister of Sarah. In 1651 the Inventory of one Henry Sandyes(14) mentions debts owed to a very great number of people throughout the state of Massachusetts, including John Tinker and “Jno Tinker’s other wife’s sister” indicating that Sarah [Willshere] Barnes Tinker had a sister living in the Boston area at that time. John Tinker married before Dec. 9, 1649 as his second wife ALICE SMITH daughter of John and Mary [____] Smith of Boston, Sudbury and Lancaster, MA, born Nov. 20, 1629 and died in Lyme, CT on her birthday, Nov. 20, 1714, at age 85(15). While the record of John Tinker’s second marriage has not been found, there is an entry in Aspinwall’s Notarial Records in which both John and Alice act as witnesses to a land transaction in which Amos Richardson was the attorney, dated Dec. 9, 1649. On this date Alice signed her name Alice Tinker. Although he was listed as an original proprietor of Groton or Groaten, MA along with brothers in law Richard Smith and Amos Richardson, he lived there only a short time if at all(16). Amos Richardson, tailor, remained in Boston, Richard Smith moved to Sudbury and John Tinker located in Lancaster. The family was in Lancaster, MA by 1655 and lived there through 1659. John Tinker was granted a sizable real estate holding to entice him to that area. His education and skills in government were needed. He was Clerk of the Town during his entire residence in that place. He never relinquished his private enterprise and remained a trader with the Indians. He was even termed “the Nashaway Trader”, Nashaway being the Indian name for the Lancaster area. In 1659, John Tinker sold his land and future rights to land in Lancaster, to Major Simon Willard(17), and removed to Pequot in the Connecticut Colony. Some of the most important men in the Boston, Lancaster, MA areas organized themselves into a group termed “The Atherton Partners” and purchased a large tract of land in the “Narragansett Lands” an area that was something of a buffer zone between the colonies of Massachusetts and Connecticut. The Atherton Partners were John Winthrop Jr., Major Humphrey Atherton, Capt. Hutchinson, William Hudson, John Tinker, Amos Richardson, and Richard Smith Sr, but the presence in the Pequot area of several men called at various times Richard Smith Sr. precludes a positive identification of the Richard Smith in the Atherton Company as the same man from Sudbury and Lancaster. Both John Tinker and Amos Richardson were married to sisters of Richard Smith(18). Amos Richardson in 1653 deals with a millwright in Boston whom he called brother and later brother in law. John Tinker, in a 1659 letter to Governor John Winthrop Jr. in Hartford stated that he had just arrived in Pequot and his wife’s brother had moved to Pequot with him. Pending an agreement on terms, John Tinker proposed that his brother in law might help the Governor to keep his Saw-Mill working over the winter. Subsequent letters indicate that the proposal was never acted upon. Alice [Smith] Tinker’s brother was Richard Smith of Boston, Groton, Sudbury and Lancaster, MA and later of Lyme, CT. He was termed a “Millwright” in Lancaster, MA(19). Amos Richardson and Richard Smith had land dealings in Saybrook and Amos Richardson signed over to Master Richard Smith all interest and right to land in Saybrook which he had received by deed from John Comstock, signed April 9, 1660. The land appeared in the Saybrook records as there had not yet been a separation making Saybrook and Lyme distinct jurisdictions. Before his death John Tinker gave Amos Richardson a deed for 240 acres of land “on the east side of the river” in trust for his eldest son, an action usually reserved for a relative. In 1659 the area called Pequot encompassed what today is Groton, Stonington, New London, Waterford, Niantic and parts of Saybrook later called Lyme. John Tinker’s land holdings or rights to land were scattered, and were in areas that stretched from the “Narragansett lands”, now Rhode Island, to Stonington, CT and along the coast to Saybrook, CT(20). His major business holdings, wharfs and warehouses, were located in the town of New London where he resided with his family. There is an original document in the Connecticut Archives(21) that was written in the hand of John Tinker himself in which, Mateteamo, a Chief of the Mohegan Indians, for love and affection gave a gift of land to John Tinker on Dec. 30, 1659. A tract of land was also granted to John Tinker by the Town of New London in October 1659(22). In Pequot John Tinker was active in local and Colonial government as well as Ecclesiastical affairs. Richard Blinman, the minister of the First Congregational Church of New London, left the area soon after John Tinker arrived. Before leaving, Rev. Richard Blinman sold to John Tinker, The Harbour’s Mouth Farm, located on the west side of the mouth of the Thames River. Today this area can be identified as being at Great Neck, near Pleasure Beach, Waterford, CT. The Harbour’s Mouth Farm was later called “Tinker’s Farm”(23). The town was without a minister for some time and John Tinker frequently served the congregation as a preacher until the new minister arrived(24). He also carried on his shipping trade business and in 1660 John Tinker was licensed by the Colony to distill and sell liquor in New London and to suppress by law anyone else attempting to do the same. He was granted a monopoly in this area(25). The government of the Colony of Connecticut was located at Hartford, CT. The Governor, the Council, and the General Court, conducted the business of the Colony. There was a need to oversee the civil matters at the local level too and before “County Courts” were established in 1666, “Assistants” were appointed in major communities to hold court and direct the Government business. In May 1660 the General Court at Hartford granted New London the right to have an Assistant and Commissioners with power to hold Court on small cases. John Tinker was appointed Assistant for the New London area along with Commissioners, Obediah Bruen, James Rogers, Lt. Smith (Samuel) and John Smith(26). Serving in the capacity of Chief Magistrate of the Court at New London, John Tinker evidently refused to prosecute an individual who had allegedly made derogatory remarks about the King of England(27). This caused three overly zealous men to accuse John himself of a treasonous act. They were William Thompson, the Indian Missionary, Richard Haughton, and William Morton, the Constable. John Tinker brought charges against his accusers for defamation. He died while attending the General Court session at Hartford in October 1662, before the suit had been resolved. The charges of treason against John Tinker were regarded by the court to have no substance and the men who had sought to malign his character sustained fines. The moderator hearing the charges at the trial of Constable Morton, answered Morton’s demand for “justice for the king” by saying to Morton “he should have justice, if it were to hang half a dusen of you.”(28) As an expression of respect, the expense of John Tinker’s last illness and funeral amounting to £8-6-4 was assumed by the Public Treasury of the Colony of Connecticut by vote of the General Court. He was probably buried in the Center Church Yard in Hartford, as were many of the important men of the Colony in the early days, even though their residence was in another part of the Colony. If there was a stone for John Tinker, it no longer exists. In 1663, much too long after the death of John Tinker, it became evident that the widow Tinker was “with child”. Since this was not to be tolerated in a Puritan Community, Alice was forced to face the Court and be examined(29). It is not clear who made the complaint, but Alice admitted the circumstance and further shocked the community by stating that the father of her unborn child was the 21 year old son of the former minister, Jeremiah Blinman. Alice paid a fine. In other Court cases there was frequently a choice of punishment, a woman could be forced to wear some sort of identification pinned to her bonnet proclaiming her sin, but for affluent sinners, the Court was satisfied to exact punishment in the form of money, the usual fine for “impurity” being £5. It is probable that the Court accepted Alice’s statement about Jeremiah Blinman, as he too paid a fine of £5 in 1663. But Jeremiah was not the father of the child, and we will never know why he was thus accused. The father was Lt. Samuel Smith, one of the commissioners of New London, and a married man. It was thought that a women in labor would be unable to lie about the paternity of her child. The Court so firmly believed this evidence, that it was sufficient to cause a man to become legally responsible for the financial support of a child when he was identified under these circumstances(30). Perhaps this was what led Samuel Smith to desert his wife and move to Virginia and finally the Carolinas, perhaps he feared the censure of his peers, but more likely he simply did not want to face up to such an unsettling circumstance. Smith spent a great deal of time at the local Tavern and evidently talked freely as a result. When his wife, Rebecca, applied for a divorce on grounds of desertion, there were letters and depositions supplied that indicated that Samuel Smith had told numerous people that he must leave town before Mrs. Tinker’s baby was born, as he was responsible(31). It would even seem that he took the daughter of the local Tavern owner with him when he left. There were also documents saying Samuel Smith offered to pay a significant sum of money, a reward, to anyone who would take the child and deliver it to him, whether it was weaned or not. So it is the more surprising that several printed sources feign ignorance to the reason that Lt. Smith left town and even suggest that it was an act of self sacrifice on his part to allow his wife to marry another man. Rebecca Smith received her divorce in 1667, returned to her family in Wethersfield, and did indeed marry again. Alice Tinker had a child in the spring of 1664. She then remarried before Jan. 27, 1664/5(32) to Attorney and Scrivener, William Measure. William Measure was born about 1636(33), died on Mar. 24, 1688(34) and his Inventory, registered in Boston, MA was dated July 27, 1688. Gov.E. Andros granted Administration to his relict, Alice, on Jun. 26, 1688. George Dennison, a magistrate of Stonington, CT, was ordered to appear at the Court at Hartford as a result of performing this marriage. Frances Caulkins speculated that it was because of the “scandalous behavior of Alice Tinker”(35) but in her book Miss Caulkins says it was because Capt. Dennison had received his commission from Massachusetts Colony and Connecticut probably did not consider that he had the authority to perform the marriage. What ever the case, George Dennison had a long history of refusing to submit to Connecticut authority, and it will be noted that he refused to appear before the Connecticut Court to answer these charges against him. William and Alice [Smith] Tinker Measure took the Tinker children and moved to Lyme, CT. soon after their marriage. William Measure’s name appears frequently in Town records and it is clear that he was very active in civic affairs. At a Lyme Town meeting on Jan. 18, 1680/81 William Measure was granted the license to run “an ordinary” or an Inn. At the same meeting “Mr. Wm Measure was chosen and Agreed with to keep A Schoole and to teach Children to Read Wright and Cost Accounting According to theire Capasitys” (36). Amos and Samuel Tinker as well as Alice and William Measure obtained land from the Town of Lyme “by grant”. It was by right of John Tinker, who must have been a proprietor of Lyme, as in later divisions of the town property, descendants of John Tinker received headrights by virtue of being descendants of John Tinker. John Tinker Jr. never claimed the land in Stonington or Groton that was put in trust for him by his father, and that land was sold years later by Samuel Tinker with approval of the Court(37). John Tinker Jr does not appear in any record after the death of his father. So on Jun. 18, 1688 when Amos Tinker presented a grievance at a Lyme Town Meeting because his brother John Tinker, deceased, had not received his portion of the land in the fourth division, the fact that the Town did grant land to John Tinker (Jr) indicates “head rights”(38). At a much later date land was laid out in the right of Mary as “daughter of John Tinker”(39). This was after Mary’s death and the only reason for mentioning her father would be to establish her right to the land. It is something of a mystery that William Measure did not marry Alice before the birth of Sarah, but possibly as long as Alice remained the legal widow of John Tinker, the law looked upon all of her children as children of John. Sarah [Tinker] Hudson, claimed her “headright” in land of the fourth division of Lyme by virtue of being “daughter of John Tinker”(40). All of John Tinker’s heirs received grants of land in Lyme, with the exception of Rhoda. The only knowledge of Rhoda is her birth and mention of her in her father’s will. CHILDREN:John and Alice [Smith] Tinker 1. SARAH TINKER born Boston Jan. 2, 1652(41) died there Aug. 28, 1652(42). 2. MARY TINKER born Boston July 2,1653(43) baptized First Congregational Church Boston July 8, 1653(44). In Lyme, CT Mary married 1. about 1676 WILLIAM WALLER JR. son of Ensign William and Elizabeth [Marvin] Waller born about 1650. The couple had three daughters before William died about 1681. Sometime in December 1685 she married 2. JAMES STANCLIFT. See Appendix A:WALLER 3. JOHN TINKER born Boston Aug. 4, 1655 baptized there Sept. 3, 1655 mentioned in father’s will in 1662. No further records. He died before June 18, 1688 when his brothers demanded and received an allotment of land “in the right of their brother, John Tinker deceased”, in the fourth division of Lyme. 4. AMOS TINKER born Lancaster, MA Oct. 28, 1657(45) baptized First Church of Boston May 16, 1658 (16 day 3mo) died New London, CT May 8, 1730 in his 73rd year(46) buried in “Ye Towne’s Antientest Burial Place” New London, CT married Lyme, CT June 1, 1682(47) SARAH DURANT daughter of George and Elizabeth [Blake] Durant of Lyme and Middletown, CT. He lived in the Lyme area until the death of his mother and then returned to New London. 5. SAMUEL TINKER born Lancaster, MA or New London, CT April 1, 1659(48) died Lyme, CT Apr. 28, 1733 and buried Duck River Cemetery, Lyme, CT under a stone carved by William Stanclift(49). He married ABIGAIL DURANT daughter of George and Elizabeth [Blake] Durant of Lyme and Middletown, CT who died Southold, Long Island Dec. 24, 1728(50). Samuel lived Lyme, CT until sometime after 1692, he moved to Shelter Island and then to Southold, Long Island, NY. After the death of his wife he returned to Lyme, CT to live with his son, Samuel. 6. MALE- TINKER born New London, CT April 1, 1660. Alice was ill before the child was born and according to a letter written by John Tinker in New London to John Winthrop (Jr), Governor of the Connecticut Colony in Hartford, she wanted little to eat other than oatmeal. This was in short supply and John Tinker asked the governor to send some as soon as possible. The wife of Governor Winthrop sent the oatmeal from Hartford for Alice. John wrote to extend his thanks in a letter dated (12: 1mo; 1659/60) Mar. 12, 1659/60 and mentioned that the baby was due very soon. In a subsequent letter dated (4th: 2mo: 1660) or April 4, 1660 John Tinker told Gov. Winthrop “My wife through Gods mercy, was delivered the last Lords day, erly in the morning of a sonne”(51). Interesting that this was exactly one year to the day from the date of Samuel’s birth as listed in Lancaster, MA Records. No further records of this child have ever been found, and the fact that John Tinker’s death was included in Lancaster, MA records when he died in Connecticut, brings up the possibility that Samuel’s birth may have also been registered in Lancaster records even though he was born in New London, but with an error in year. The confusion in the records concerning the birthdate of Samuel Tinker makes it likely that this was Samuel. 7. RHODA TINKER born New London, CT Feb. 23, 1661, mentioned in father’s Probate records as an heir, but no further record of her has been found. 8. SARAH TINKER born New London or Lyme,(52) CT in the spring of 1664(53) died Sept. 11, 1746(54) buried Presbyterian Cemetery, Brookhaven, Long Island married Lyme, CT Jun. 17, 1686(55) JONATHAN HUDSON born 1658 and died April 5, 1729 aged 71 years and buried in the “Old Quaker Burying Ground” or Sylvester Manor Cemetery, Shelter Island, Long Island, NY. Sarah was listed in the Lyme Land Records as “daughter of John Tinker”, and received a headright allowance of land commensurate with that given to an heir of an original proprietor.


Footnotes: 1. .Appearing in Boston in 1635, already a well educated man, might indicate a University education gained in England before coming to the Colonies. 2. .A “supercargo” was the business manager or overseer, and the one responsible for the cargo, in John Tinker’s case he was also the owner of a significant portion of that cargo. 3. .GENEALOGIES AND BIOGRAPHIES OF ANCIENT WETHERSFIELD by Stiles, Page 705 4. .In THE WINTHROP PAPERS, A letter written by John Tinker to Governor John Winthrop, dated Mar. 10, 1640, had an endorsement by Gov. Winthrop which said “Jo: Tinker, at his depture to Conetecutt”. 5. .PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF CONNECTICUT 1665-1678 by J. Hammond Trumbell, Page 114 6. .GENEALOGIES AND BIOGRAPHIES OF ANCIENT WINDSOR by Stiles, Page 416 7. .HISTORY OF SIMSBURY, GRANBY AND CANTON by Noah Phelps, page 89 8. .ibid Page 765 9. .EARLY HISTORY OF BOSTON Vol.32; Aspinwall Notarial Records, Records of William Aspinwall Recorder of the Suffolk County Court 1644 through 1651, Page 251. The month in ( ), year starts Mar. 25. A SEARCH FOR POWER, The Weaker Sex in Seventeenth-Century New England, by Lyle Koehler, Appendix 1, No.5, cites the date of the divorce as 1647. The application for divorce filed by Sarah against William Barnes of Gloucester was filed 19 (8) 1647. 10. 10.Breadstreet was where some of the Stancliffes lived in London at that time. 11. .THE ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS OF JOSEPH WESCOT TINKER, A Descendant of John Tinker of Boston, 1638, compiled by James Libbie, 1900, page 10. 12. .See NEHGR Vol.7, Page 174 for the abstract of the Estate. Also see TAG 11:50 which concludes that in examining the original documents, the Estates were distinct and separate and that the inclusion of the abstract of Sarah [Wiltshire] Barnes Tinker’s Estate under this name was an error. 13. .NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT AND VICINITY EARLY FAMILIES, Compiled by Charles Dyer Parkhurst in 36 Volumes. Vol. 27, page 117 14. .NEHGR October 1853, Suffolk County Wills, Page 335-6 15. .THE DIARY OF JOSHUA HEMSTED, Collections of the New London County Historical Society, Vol I, page 40 “Ms Measurs Amos Tinkers Mother died….We made ye Coffin for his Mothr. Very aged woman of 85 years to a day. She was buried between Meetings.” 16. .HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF GROTON by Caleb Butler, Page 13 17. .HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF HARVARD, MA by Henry S. Nourse, 1874, page 15 18. 8.In the Genealogy of AMOS RICHARDSON OF BOSTON AND STONINGTON by Rosell L. Richardson, the author does not believe that the wife of Amos was really Mary Smith, daughter of John Smith of Boston and Sudbury, nor does he believe that Richard Smith in Atherton Company is the same man found in Groton and Sudbury, MA. While the identification of the Richard Smith of the Atherton Company is not clear, it does seem certain that Richard Smith, brother of Alice [Smith] Tinker was in the area. Charles Dyer Parkhurst of New London , CT, Donald Lines Jacobus and William Durant have all researched the family and have all accepted Mary Smith as wife of Amos Richardson. 19. .THE ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS OF JOSEPH WESCOT TINKER, A Descendant of John Tinker of Boston, 1638, compiled by James Libbie, 1900, page 10 “About 1659, however there came a Richard Smith and family to Lyme, Conn., from Lancaster, MA where he appears as a millwright, and was closely associated Mr Tinker….” 20. .John Tinker and Richard Smith listed among “First Settlers of Lyme”. 21. .Connecticut Archives Series II, Indians Volume 1, Document 57a 22. .NEW LONDON LAND AND PROPERTY Vol.5, page 98 23. .New London Land and Property Vol.8, page 38 24. .EARLY HISTORY OF THE FIRST CHURCH OF NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT by Rev. S. Leroy Blake, page 93 25. .PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF CONNECTICUT with notes and Appendix by J. Hammond Trumbell A. M. 1852, page 360 26. .PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF CONNECTICUT with notes and Appendix by J. Hammond Trumbell A. M. 1852, page 347 27. .HISTORY OF NEW LONDON by Frances Manwaring Caulkins, page 149-150, protest of William Morton, constable of New London and one of the accusers of John Tinker. 28. .Taken from a statement made by William Thompson in 1664. 29. .New London Court Records 1661-1667 “Presentments” page 27 Dated March 17, 1663/4 on the same page of Court records is an order to sell so much of Lt. Samuel Smith’s property as may be needed to pay his debts. Seems to indicate that he has already left town, so would guess the time about 1-2 months before the child of Alice was due. 30. .A SEARCH FOR POWER, The Weaker Sex in Seventeenth-Century New England, by Lyle Koehler, page 185. 31. .Connecticut Archives, Series I, Crimes and Misdemeanors Vol. III Documents 194 through 210. There were letters written by Samuel Smith to his wife Rebecca, letters written by the Town fathers to coax Lt. Smith to return, but there were also many unflattering depositions. 32. .NEW LONDON TOWN RECORDS, Page 132 indicating sale of land that had been granted to John Tinker and signed by William Measure and his wife Alice Measure on Jan. 27 1664. Note that in the old calendar January would be at the end of the year, so if the child was born in May 1664, it would be before this January date. 33. .NEW LONDON COUNTY COURT RECORDS Vol.VII page 80. On Feb. 23, 1663/4 William Measure aged 28 gave testimony in a court case. 34. .GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND by James Savage, Vol.III, page 193. William was the only entry under the name Measure/Masuer. 35. .Private notes of Frances Manwaring Caulkins, housed at the New London Historical Society. 36. .Lyme Records 1667-1730, Compiled and Edited by Jean Chandler Burr, 1968, page 38. 37. .NEW LONDON LAND AND PROPERTY Vol.5, page 98. Sept. 30, 1684 Samuel Tinker with approval of the Court sold the land left with Amos Richardson by his father and specifies that it was land granted to his father in Oct. 1659. 38. .The right to land inherited by an heir of an original proprietor of Lyme, CT was sometimes referred to in Lyme Land Records as “head rights”. 39. .LYME LAND AND PROPERTY RECORDS Vol. 5, page 279, Dated Apr. 12, 1735 40. .LYME LAND AND PROPERTY RECORDS Vol. 5, page 19 Deed of Sale from Sarah Hudson widow of Jonathan Hudson to John Tillitson dated June 8, 1731. 41. .A REPORT OF THE RECORD COMMISSIONERS, Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths 1630-1699; City Document No. 130 page 33 42. .A REPORT OF THE RECORD COMMISSIONERS, Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths 1630-1699; City Document No. 130 page 37 43. .A REPORT OF THE RECORD COMMISSIONERS, Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths 1630-1699; City Document No. 130 Town Records page 40 44. .A REPORT OF THE RECORD COMMISSIONERS, Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths 1630-1699; City Document No. 130 First Church Records page 44 45. .LANCASTER RECORDS, by Henry S. Noure, APPENDIX page 452 46. .Cedar Grove Cemetery Publication Vol I, No.3, page 244 47. .Lyme Land Records LLR1, page 95. 48. .This date listed in the Hartford District Probate Records, Vol III, page 3-4 of John Tinker and repeated in the LANCASTER RECORDS, by Henry S. Noure, APPENDIX page 452. The Durant manuscript states that Samuel was born in New London same date. Samuel’s gravestone indicates he was born 1663, which is an error. 49. .This is a triple arched brownstone with lettering only and still easily read “HERE LYETH Ye BODY OF SAMUEL TINKER SENr DIED APRIL Ye 28 1733 IN Ye 71 YEAR OF HIS AGE” which would have put his birthyear at 1663. This date in error as Samuel listed in father’s probate records in 1662. THE ANCESTORS OF SILAS TINKER IN AMERICA by A. B. Tinker, 1889, page 8, agrees with date, but says he was in his 75th year, no source given for the statement. 50. .Salmon Records of Southold, LI 51. .Letter in THE WINTHROP PAPERS from John Tinker dated 4th: 2 mo: 1660 saying that a son was born the previous Sunday, and according to the Minor Diary 1660 “The second month is Aprile 30 days & sabath day the first and sabath day the 8.”. 52. .LYME LAND AND PROPERTY RECORDS Vol. 5, page 19, specified that she was born in Lyme, but other records indicate Alice and William Measure lived New London this date. 53. .Date based on March date of mother’s Court appearance, Samuel Smith’s statement that he had but nine weeks before the child was born and must leave town, and the fact that he had left town by March, when Court ordered some of his property sold to satisfy his debts. 54. .The stone for Sarah Hudson widow of Jonathan Hudson, clearly reads age 72, which after considering all related facts must be considered an error and should read 82. A child born 1674 could in no way be considered a daughter of John Tinker, specially since her mother was married to William Measure that date, and aged 45. If born 1674, she was married at age 12 and had first child at age 13, while not impossible, that is certainly not likely. 55. .VITAL RECORDS OF LYME, CONNECTICUT, Taken from the Land Records of Lyme, Literally Transcribed under the Direction of Verne M. Hall and Elizabeth B. Plimpton, page 234 or LLR1:135. Children of Jonathan and Sarah [Tinker] Hudson born Lyme LLR1:33; SARAH born Mar. 27, 1687; DEBRAH born Oct. 27, 1688; JONATHAN born Jan. 6, 1689; HANNAH born Apr. 6, 1693. Go to:    Home Page

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This book is a comprehensive genealogy and history of American Stancliff, Stancliffe and Stanclift (and other spellings) descendants of immigrant ancestors of James Stanclift from Old Lyme and Middletown, CT; Rev. John Stancliff and Benjamin Stancliff of Philadelphia, PA; David Stancliffe of Lake County, ILJohn Stancliffe of Pittsburgh, PA; and New York City. IT IS THE ONLY KNOWN PUBLISHED AUTHENTIC GENEALOGY OF THE STANCLIFF AND ALLIED FAMILIES IN AMERICA. It follows the migration of the families throughout the United States including AL, AR, AZ, CA, Canada, CO, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, and WV for 10+ generations.

Over 2650 individuals named Stancliff /Stancliffe /Stanclift including children of married Stancliff women have been identified and related to their ancestors. The index lists an estimated 7,500 individuals. This genealogy includes about 175 “Allied” families from which spouses are descended. The book is fully name and place indexed and source referenced with a coat of arms and sketch of the house built by James Stanclift in about 1690. It contains over 550 pages and is hard cloth bound and of “library” quality. Nearly 350 copies of this book have been purchased by Descendants, Libraries, and Genealogical and Historical Societies.   It has been awarded the Connecticut Society of Genealogists 1996 Literary Awards Grand Prize for Genealogy and the Ohio Genealogical Society 1997 First Prize for an Ohio Related Family History.

The majority of the ten plus generations of Stancliff’s in America are descended from the immigrant Yorkshire, England stone cutter named James Stanclift of Middletown, CT. James was first found in the Old Lyme, CT in 1684. In about 1690 he was the first settler (the founder) to build a house and live in what is now Portland, CT a fact commemorated by a Connecticut State sign by the Portland Court House. He opened the famous Portland, CT brownstone quarries that were later the source of stone for the brownstone mansions of New York, Philadelphia and Boston. The Washington Monument in Washington D.C. was to be built with stones from each of the states. The stone from CT was from what was once the Stanclift brownstone quarry. The campaigns and battles that Revolutionary WarWar 0f 1812, and Civil War soldier’s units participated in during the time of their service are linked to this file.  (Click on the above links)

The Stancliff/Stancliffe/Stanclift surname originated in 1274 when surnames were first becoming established in the Shibden Valley, near Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. The first head of the family was known as John de Stanclyf or John of the stone cliff. It is believed that nearly all individuals of that name and similar spellings in both America and England are descended from this ancestor and thus are all cousins. The family grew in the Halifax area and owned at least three large land holdings known as Scout, Hagstocks, and New Hey. Scout Hall built in 1680 on the site of the first Stancliff houses named Scout still exists.

Surnames of families “Allied” to the Stancliffs cited 4 or more times in the text are as follows: Those now included in this site are underlined and linked. To access them click on the name.  If the link you desire is not available, please send an e-mail to and indicate your relationship to the family in question.

Families of Stanclift, Stancliff, Stancliffe are included in these internet pages.   To access them click on their name:  Links to generation 9 and 10 and later are not included since some are still living.

  —  ***  — —  ***  — My note: Above was originally available at Link ,  , but last update was 2007, and Link has rarely been available when I tried recently.  There is now  a note at the top of the page saying “not secure”.  So saving it for when that page is consistently not available. 18Oct2020.    Entire book is now available to borrow for one hour at  .

… and Family History index is at . . Freeuse Download Autumn Leaves Background Clipart - Transparent Background Autumn Leaves . * Admin issues: SHARE dementia awareness thru buttons below. Subscribe “FOLLOW” button is at the very bottom of the page, with “Category” Links, “Recent Posts” and “Archive”.  If you put your eMail address there you should get an eMail each time i write a blog entry.  If you have a WordPress account, Feel free to leave your thoughts in the form of comments, but please filter your comments with truthful loving kindness to all concerned. … *** …  If there is an advertisement below, I have no control over what is shown. My own full legal name is Truthful Loving Kindness.  My current diagnosis is still Mild Cognitive Impairment, but my neurologist said I am in a unique position for helping because I have “one foot in each door”. Text Copyright shared between the sections written by © Truthful L. Kindness 06Nov2020, Began this page in April, and finished in November.  Lace in graphic was from AnnaliseArt on PixaBay, and the very large portions copied and pasted from R. Stancliff at , since i suspect the sections will soon not be available at their original webpage. Tags: 1629, 1663, 1714, Adultery, Alice Smith Tinker, John Tinker, Leota Pearl Spencer, Mary Tinker, Registered & Protected .


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